The ‘three parent baby’ procedure, which aims to prevent hereditary physical and mental diseases, has just been approved by the UK’s fertility regulator, which will proceed in the upcoming spring.
The Human Fertilization and Embryology Authority (HFEA) will be leading the way for these trials, and members within it have voted to request from the government to proceed in assisting pregnant women to give birth to three genetically different parents.
The child will essential obtain some DNA from another external third parent. As of now several women have seeded interest in this matter, and have lined up for the procedure at the University of Newcastle.
The goal is to perform this procedure to at least 25 women yearly with external funding from the NHS, but every woman will required an approved license by the HFEA before entering the process.
Sally Cheshire, chairwoman for HFEA announced that this new procedure will serve as a vital and momentous point in history, and believes the patients will be content once they witness what they can offer to them and their children.
The entire procedure is aimed at the mitochondrial DNA, which only consists of a mere 0.1 percent of someone’s DNA, and is only genetically transferred by the mother.
Although this 0.1 percent does not necessarily alter someone’s mental capabilities or physical functions of some sort, it does prove to have disastrous effects on the individual if any problems within it surface, which may include problems with one’s vision, cognitive functions, or muscle issues.
Risks and Complications
Doctors from HFEA will attempt in substituting these ‘abnormal’ genes within the mitochondria. However, there is some speculation of the possible risks that may occur from the three parent baby procedure.
A worrisome matter refers to the actual children themselves who, when having their own children in the future, may interfere with the arrangements of their genes are separately functioning in the cells, which ultimately may lead to possible birth deformations.