Researcher foresees a greener Antarctica Peninsula with the increasing rate of glacier retreat and climate change.
Scientists have found that there is a growing plant life on Antacrtica, and this is as a result of climate change. Scientists who are studying moss have discovered that there is an increasing rate of biological activity lately – in the last 50 years. A team of researchers which consist of scientists from the University of Exeter made use of the moss bank cores. The moss bank core is restricted in Antarctica’s cold area that spans about 400 miles.
The research by the scientists
These researchers conducted tests on five cores from three distinct sites and noticed that visible biological changes had been in effect over the last 50 years in the Antarctica Peninsula.
Dr. Matt Amesbury from the University of Exeter pointed out that the increase in temperature over the past fifty years in the Antarctica Peninsula had a significant effect on moss that grows in the region. In his statement, he made it clear that Antarctica Peninsula will turn out to be a greener place in no distant time if the increase in temperature and ice-free land continues.
The climatic change that has occurred lately in Antarctica is fully documented, as well other changes such as warming and change in wind strength. Talking about climate change, biological records kept in the moss banks provides the context of extended time as compared to the weather records that started in the 1950’s.
In the research, the team of scientists made an analysis of the data for the last 50 years, and it was clear that changes had occurred, and it is evident that such changes were a result of the increased biological activity.
Professor Dan Charman, the leader of the research project judging from the change in moss activity due to temperature rise, suggests a possible scenario where the ecosystem changes due to increased warming. In a bid to lay more emphasis, Prof. Dan said that Antarctica is on its way to total greening.
Report by the research team
The research team said from their investigations that the consistency they found far outweighs the data variability that came up during the research. The research team that included scientists from the University of Cambridge and British Antarctic Survey said that their data has it that even a modest increase in temperature can cause an apparent change in plants and soil.
Following a previous research on a site in 2013, the recent studies by the same team can be used in a more vast area.
The study succeeded in proffering one way of measuring how large and the effects of increased temperature in the continent. The researchers want to examine core records and determine how much climate change had affected the ecosystem even before the global warming by human activities.